Japanese Foreign Minister’s Visit to Russia Negotiations Will Divide Territories Sovereignty Issues
Xinhua News Agency, Tokyo, January 13 (International Observation) Japanese Foreign Minister’s visit to Russia will face confrontation with Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Kejia, the Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono, who is currently visiting Russia, and will hold talks with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov Antiques on the 14th.
Kono was appointed as the prime minister of the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s visit to Ota later this month.
Japanese media predict that territorial disputes around the four northern islands (Russia’s South Kuril Islands) and peace treaty negotiations will be the core indicators of the talks.
Analysts believe that although some people believe that the leaders have agreed to speed up the negotiations on the peace treaty, the two sides still have major differences on issues such as territorial sovereignty and security, and Kono’s visit is likely to face severe terrain.
Kono is scheduled to visit Russia from the 12th to the 16th.
According to reports, in addition to Abe ‘s visit to Russia later this month, discussing the conclusion of a peace treaty between Japan and Russia is the main task of Kono’s visit.
Abe met with Russian President Putin in Singapore last November and agreed to speed up negotiations between Japan and Russia to conclude a peace treaty in accordance with the “Japan-Soviet Common Declaration” signed in 1956.
Article 9 of the “Japan-Soviet Common Declaration” stipulates that the two parties will continue to conclude a peace treaty for negotiation. After the treaty was concluded, the Soviet Union handed over the four islands and the islands of Sedan to Japan.
In December last year, Abe and Putin designated Kono and Lavrov as heads of negotiations.
Analysts pointed out that the meeting between Kono and Lavrov on the 14th was regarded as the first talks between the two parties under the new peace treaty negotiation mechanism. Whether Japan can make progress on the territorial issue regarded as a substitute for the conclusion of the peace treaty is getting much attention.
After Kono’s visit to Russia, Abe will also visit Russia early this month and talk with Putin Antiques.
Abe has previously stated publicly many times that he and Putin have decided to put a terminating character on the pending peace treaty alternative.
Analysts believe that differences between Japan and Russia on territorial sovereignty and other issues are still huge, and the prospects of Kono’s visit to the negotiations are not clear.
First, the two sides have different positions on the issue of sovereignty.
The Japanese side announced that if the two islands were transferred to Japan, the sovereignty would also belong to Japan; however, the Russian side stated that the “Soviet-Japanese Common Declaration” only stated that the Soviet Union was willing to transfer the two islands upward after sanctioning the peace treaty with Japan, but did not explain the transferThe basis of the island and the sovereign ownership of the island after the transfer.
The Russian side may also, once the two islands are transferred to Japan, Japan and the United States may re-establish a US military base on the island based on the Japan-US Security Treaty.
In response to this problem, although Abe stated to the Russian side that he would not establish a U.S. military base, he has not dispelled Russian doubts.
Putin has publicly declared whether Japan has sufficient autonomy on this issue.
In fact, there is a dispute between the two sides over the proportion of Russia ‘s original islanders to Russia.
The Japanese side believes that the property of the original islanders suffered losses due to Russia’s illegal occupation of the disputed islands, so the Japanese government or these original islanders have the right to demand the Soviet Union or Russia to compensate for the related losses.
However, the Russian side always insisted that the possession of the four islands by the Soviet Union and Russia was the result of World War II, not the illegal occupation that Japan called.
In fact, before Kono’s visit to Russia, the Russian side had made several attacks on Japan.
On the 9th, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned the Japanese ambassador to Russia last month to protest against the Japanese statement recently made on the disputed island between Japan and Russia.
On the 11th, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement on Kono’s visit to Russia, and re-requested that Japan fully recognize all the results of World War II, including Russia’s possession of the South Thousand Islands, and said that this was an important condition for the two parties to negotiate a peace treaty.
In addition, in Russia, opposition from various circles to the transfer of disputed sovereignty to Japan is high.
According to Japanese media analysis, the reason why Russia visited Russia in Kono was that the two parties frequently attacked Japan before the formal negotiation of the peace treaty began, not only because of concerns about domestic public opinion and the rebound of the parliament, but also intentionally to restrain the Japanese side to enhance the wisdom of the negotiation gate.
It can be expected that Kono will face severe prospects for negotiations.
Original Title: International Watch: Japanese and Foreign Ministers’ Visit to Russia Will Face Difficult Challenges